How To Wash Clothes in Washing Machines? A Complete Guide!

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Washing machine serves the purpose of cleaning and washing our clothes. However, you cannot just put in the clothes and run the machine. Here is a step by step guide on how to wash clothes in washing machines.

There are several things to consider and look out for before washing. Here are the steps you need to follow during washing clothes in the washing machine.

Segregation of the Clothes

Before washing the clothes, it is essential to segregate them. There are two important things to consider while segregating the clothes. One is the material of the cloth, and the other is the colour of the fabric.

It is because all the cloth materials are unable to handle the same water pressure and tumbling. On the other hand, washing different colours at one spin results in staining one colour of the fabric on another.

  • Segregation based on fabrics: Some thick cloth fabric such as towels, or denim call for a heavy wash cycle. On the other hand, the silky lingerie requires a delicate wash. Therefore divide the clothes accordingly.

  • Segregation based on colour: The dark coloured clothes especially if they are new, releases colour. This colour might stain the light coloured clothes, thus ruining it. Therefore, make two piles and wash them separately.

The Care Tag Instructions

Before washing clothes, always have a look at the care tag that comes attached to your clothes. They instruct you about the cloth material and how it must be washed. 

These care tags guide you in the right way on washing the clothes. They even mention the washing technique. Therefore, please read the instructions and follow them accordingly.

The Washing Temperature

There are different fabrics and colours of clothes that need different heat settings during washing. Thus, the washing machine comes with a different temperature setting to wash such clothes.

However, it might vary in automatic or semi-automatic washing machines. Here is a small guide about the required temperature of some fabrics.

  • The extremely dirty light coloured clothes must be washed in hot water. The heat of the water helps to remove stains easily.
  • It is better to wash dark coloured clothes in cold water. Hence, the colour remains as it is.
  • For cotton clothes, they must be washed in cold water. With hot water, cotton clothes shrink faster.

The Right Loading

Many washing machines come with a switch or a knob. It selects the right size of the load you are washing in one spin. It has three options of loading- small, medium and large.

For the washing machine filled with one-third load, then it is the small option. For the machine filled with two-third load, then it is the medium option. Opt for the large option when the machine is completely filled.

Note that you must not squish the clothes inside the washing machine for one wash cycle. It might save water and electricity. However, it damages the washing machine. This, in turn, incurs a considerable amount of money.

Wash Cycle

The washing machine comes with different wash cycles for different clothes.

  • Regular or Normal Cycle: This cycle is ideal for white clothes. The white clothes washed in this cycle come out fresh and crisp.

  • Delicate: This cycle is ideal for washing delicate clothes, as evident from the name. Delicate clothes include dry-fit shirts, cotton dresses, bras.
    Moreover, also check the care tag before washing. At times it instructs whether to dry-clean it or hand wash them.

  • Permanent Press: Here the clothes are washed in hot water first and then by the end washed in cold water. This cycle is ideal for coloured clothes as it keeps clothes brighter.

The Right Washing Liquid

These washing liquids are primarily of three types- bleach, fabric softener, and detergent. Furthermore, there are two possible ways to add these. 

You can either put the clothes inside and then add the washing liquid. Else you can fill the machine with water and washing liquid and then the clothes.

Here is how and when you must use these washing liquids.

  • Bleach: For keeping your whites, very white and removing deep stains, you can use bleach. To keep the whites, very white, use chlorine bleach. There is fabric bleach as well which you can use on coloured fabrics.

  • Fabric Softener: During the rinse cycle, you must add this liquid. You can add this liquid at the beginning if your machine comes with a dispenser. However, the washing machine adds it to the tub during the rinse cycle.

Detergent: The amount of detergent depends on the load of the washing machine per cycle.

A larger load- A full cup of detergent

A medium load- A two-third cup of detergent

A smaller load- One-third cup of detergent

However, make sure that you follow the instructions of the detergent. There are some more concentrated detergents and some less. Therefore, you must add accordingly.

The Right Dryer Cycle

The dryer cycle has different settings, as well.

  • Regular or Normal Cycle: This cycle is ideal for white clothes.

  • Delicate: Dry the clothes washed under the delicate cycle here in this cycle. It turns the clothes slowly. Also, blows them with room temperature air.

  • Permanent press: It is precisely for coloured clothes. It dries the clothes with medium pressure and heat for the colours not to fade.

Never Put These into a Washing Machine!

Here are some clothes and clothing fabrics which you should try not putting into a washing machine.

  • Silk neckties, jackets (dry cleaning or hand-cleaning).
  • Leather or faux leather, metal embellished clothes, fine embroidery clothes, clothes with decorative lace and other decorative trims.
  • Woollen garments, fine silk clothes (scarves), rayon clothes, beaded fabrics, nylon stockings.
  • Do not put in heavily soiled clothes without initial cleaning.
  • Zipper open and drawstring open clothes.
  • All waterproof clothes.

Final Words

To sum up, you must be careful about the clothes before washing so that you do not ruin any cloth. Also, if you are confused with any query, do let us know in the comment box. We would love to assist.


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